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Bible

Genesis 12 & the Exodus

In a sense, Genesis 12 foreshadows the Exodus. After Abram got Sarai to agree to lie about her relationship with him, they entered Egypt. As expected, she is taken into Pharaoh’s palace, and as expected: 12:16 – It went well for Abram. He gained flocks and cattle, male and female servants, donkeys, and camels. God […]

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Bible

What’s Genesis 1 About?

This evening I asked Beau, my four year old, if he would like me to read a chapter of the Bible to him. He was a bit reluctant to agree to a whole chapter, but he curled up in my lap anyway. He listened to the first ten or fifteen verses and then interrupted me: […]

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Bible Greek

“Genesis” in Matthew 1:1

Over at the Koinonia blog, Bill Mounce posted about the word γένεσις in Matthew 1:1: Βίβλος γενέσεως Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ υἱοῦ Δαυὶδ υἱοῦ Ἀβραάμ. How should the word be translated? After surveying the options, Mounce concludes, Context strongly favors the second option, “Record of the Origins” (so Blomberg). Greek gives us the range of possibilities; context makes the […]

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Bible Hebrew Productivity

Lexham Discourse Hebrew Bible as a Reference Work

Sometimes a different description, new terminology, is all it takes for understanding to click. This is one reason I find it helpful to turn to the Lexham Discourse Hebrew Bible (LDHB) as a reference tool. As I read Genesis 41:39 recently, I was puzzled by the use of אחרי. After looking over the entries in […]

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Bible Hebrew

Echoes of Cain in the Story of Jonah

There are few verbal connections between the story of Jonah and Genesis 4. In Jonah 2:5, from the belly of the whale Jonah cries, “I am driven out from before your eyes!” (נִגְרַשְׁתִּימִנֶּגֶדעֵינֶיךָ). This echoes the complaint of Cain in Genesis 4:14: “Hey! You have driven me today from before the face of the land […]

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Bible

1 Enoch 106-108 and the OT: Literary Relationship?

Here is a link to my presentation notes on 1 Enoch 106-108 for our OT colloquium last spring. The majority of the document consists of collections of similar 1 Enoch and OT passages organized according to theme. Feel free to let me know what you think. Nickelsburg’s Hermeneia commentary is the first place to go […]

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Bible Hebrew

At the Intersection of Life and Study

Three (mostly) unrelated, practical thoughts. Coiling At Educational Resources, we teach students to make vivid mental pictures of the material they read. This concept is foundational to the way we teach reading comprehension. Some time ago, an eleventh grader and I were reading Genesis together. When we came to 4:7, I asked him, “What do […]

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Bible Hebrew

Echoes of Cain in the Prophecy of Isaiah

When I read Isaiah 1, I can’t help but hear echoes of the story of Cain. I’m sure this has everything to do with the fact that I have been thinking and posting about Genesis 3-4 lately. Hear me out, and let me know what you think. First the text, and then an explanation. Doing […]

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Bible Greek Hebrew

Why Wasn’t Cain Accepted?

This is the question that arises in my mind as I read Genesis 4:1-16. Both Cain and Abel made an offering to Yahweh, but Cain wasn’t accepted. Here’s the text of Genesis 4:1-5: והאדם ידע את חוה אשׁתו ותהר ותלד את קין ותאמר קניתי אישׁ את יהוה ותסף ללדת את אחיו את הבל ויהי הבל […]

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Bible Hebrew

Literary Ties Between Genesis 3 and 4

Genesis 4 is essentially a reenactment of Genesis 3. There are plenty of significant differences between the two chapters, but here are the literary similarities, as I see it. As is well noted, the only occurrences of the the word translated “desire” (תשׁוקה) are in these two chapters (3:16/4:7). Eve’s desire will be for her […]